Former South African President, the late Nelson Mandela

As the nation celebrates Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., we sometimes forget that the struggle for justice and equality isn’t just happening on American soil, it is also impacting Black people all over the world. Dr. King’s fight for civil rights was birthed during Africa’s decolonization era and his transnational support and advocacy helped elevate the international human rights movement in numerous African countries.

He connected with several African leaders in the struggle to exchange ideas. He boldly embraced his African roots. Pan-Africanism existed to empower Black people worldwide to dismantle the institutions of white supremacy. Some of his sermons connected the common struggles between Africans and African Americans.

Here are is a list of some African leaders whose fight for their countries’ liberation against colonialism was influenced by Dr. King and the Civil Rights Movement.

NELSON MANDELA (SOUTH AFRICA)

LONDON- FEBRUARY 3: Former South African President Nelson Mandela speaks to the crowd during a mass rally on February 3, 2005 in London, England. Mandela told the rally to “Make Poverty History in 2005” and to help set free the millions of people in the world’s poorest countries who remained imprisoned by poverty. (Photo by Scott Barbour/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** Nelson MandelaCredit: Scott BarbourLONDON- FEBRUARY 3: Former South African President Nelson Mandela speaks to the crowd during a mass rally on February 3, 2005 in London, England. Mandela told the rally to “Make Poverty History in 2005” and to help set free the millions of people in the world’s poorest countries who remained imprisoned by poverty. (Photo by Scott Barbour/Getty Images)

Nelson Mandela was South Africa’s first Black president. Dr. King and Mandela never met but they fought for the same cause but on two different continents. While King worked to elevate the Civil Rights Movement, South Africa was fighting apartheid (a policy of system of segregation or discrimination on the grounds of race). Mandela spent 27 years in prison during white racist rule in South Africa. After Mandela was released, he traveled to the United States to speak at Yankee Stadium telling the audience that there was an unbreakable umbilical cord connection with South Africans and Black Americans

KWAME NKRUMAH (GHANA)

Ghanaian politician Kwame Nkrumah (1909 – 1972), circa 1955. (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Kwame Nkrumah was the first prime minister and president of Ghana who led the country to independence from Britain in 1957. He was a prominent Pan-African organizer who served as an inspiration to Dr. King, who looked to Nkrumah’s leadership as an example of nonviolent activism. Dr. King and his wife Coretta attended Ghana’s independence ceremony on March 6, 1957, which led to the creation of a lesser know sermon titled “The Birth of a New Nation,” a speech he wrote sharing his experience and impressions of Ghana’s fight for independence.

BABATUNDE OLATUNJI (NIGERIA)

Babatunde Olatunji Photo: Babatunde Olatunji Facebook page

Babatunde Olatunji was a Grammy-nominated Nigerian drummer who protested against racial segregation in the U.S. South and played a role in the generation of Africans who fight for racial injustice in the U.S. The Morehouse College alum encountered ignorance and stereotypes about Africa which inspired him to educate his fellow classmates by playing drums at university social gatherings at both white and Black churches across Atlanta. The activities were during the height of the Jim Crow era. He became  Morehouse’s student body president which led him to meet Dr. King. His involvement in the Civil Rights Movement in the U.S. was largely inspired by resistance to colonialism that was occurring in Africa.

PATRICE LUMUMBA (DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO)

Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba (1925 – 1961), at his hotel in Brussels, Belgium, where he is to attend a round-table conference on the future of the Congo, 27th January 1960. Lumumba had been in jail on charges of inciting an anti-colonial riot, but was released and allowed to attend the conference. Lumumba claimed he was maltreated in custody and is displaying his bandaged wrists, injured by handcuffs. (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Patrice Lumumba was a Congolese freedom fighter and the first elected prime minister of Congo (Zaire). Both Lumumba and King have a few things in common. Jan. 17 is the day the U.S. memorializes Dr. King in 2022, and it is the same day Lumumba was executed in 1961. They both died for fighting against oppression of their people. They were both born in the ’20s, Lumumba in 1925 and Dr. King in 1929. Lumumba sought political and economic independence from Belgium after nearly a century of colonial rule.

KENNETH KAUNDA (ZAMBIA)

Kenneth Kaunda Photo: Adobe Stock Images Credit: Georgios Kollidas – stock.adobe.com

Kenneth Kaunda became Zambia’s first president and was at the forefront of the fight for independence against British rule. He first emerged on the international scene in the 1950s. He played a central role in the relations between Zambia and the U.S. He visited the U.S. in 1960 where he met Dr. King in Atlanta. King inspired him to begin his own civil disobedience strategy upon his return to Zambia to organize a rights campaign.

Laura Onyeneho

I moved to Houston from Boston, MA to cover Houston's education system as it relates to the Black community as a Report for America corps member. I'm a multimedia journalist and have reported on social,...